Bed bugs, a pest that had all but vanished in the United States long ago, have made their way back into the spotlight in recent years. And, while they are increasingly being found in hotels and dormitories, they are now attacking homes with a vengence. Bed bugs are expert hitchhikers and can be carried into a home on furniture, luggage and other items used in travel. These insects live in areas frequented by people, usually in bedrooms or other sites where a person might sit or rest for long periods of time, and they are most commonly found in mattress seams, box springs, bed frames and headboards.
Carpenter Ants are ubiquitous pests found throughout N America. Camponotus pennsylvanicus, the black carpenter ant, is the most common carpenter ant species found east of the Rocky Mountains. Although worker ants are often seen searching for food and water, their importance as pests is based upon their invasion of structural wood for nesting sites. Carpenter ants do not consume wood but excavate galleries in wooden timbers to create nests.
The little black ant, as its name implies, is very small in size and black in color. The adults may have slight brown tones in their coloration. Although distributed throughout the United States, it is primarily found in the eastern half of the country, and in Southern California and the San Francisco Bay area.
Pavement ants are most common in urban areas of the Atlantic states, as well as in large midwestern cities such as Cincinnati, Cleveland and Street. Louis. You may also find pavement ants in the San Joaquin and Sacramento Valleys, Calif. In the Washington, D.C. area, pavement ants are probably the predominant house*infesting ant.
The eastern subterranean termite, Reticulitermes flavipes, is the most common and widely distributed termite in N America. This wood*destroying insect is well known for its damage to urban dwellings and structures. Pest status is given to termites when a colony is foraging on food sources with economic value. However, this insect is beneficial when it infests dead wood in forests, providing nutrients for new vegetative growth.
Bees, Hornets & Wasps
The baldfaced “hornet” is taxonomically a black*and*white yellow jacket. Vespid wasps, members of the family Vespidae, are capable of stinging when threatened. Representatives of Dolichovespula spp. can be found throughout N America, inhabiting self*constructed paper nests usually attached to trees, shrubs or structures.
There are two genera of carpenter bees in the United States, the small carpenter bees, Ceratina spp., and the large carpenter bees, Xylocopa spp. The latter genus is represented by nine species which infest a wide array of plant materials including decayed wood, hollow or pithy stem plants, and sound structural wood. it is the damage to structural wood that earns them their name and concerns the property owner.
Polistes wasps are most often referred to as paper wasps. With distinctive shape of the nest; and the fact that other wasps, such as yellowjackets and hornets, also construct paper nests, these paper wasps invite confusion during identification.
The American cockroach is frequently found in commercial and residential accounts. This cockroach is the predominant species inhabiting sewers, and is often found infesting ships as well. Occasionally, this cockroach will injure indoor plants by feeding on stems and leaves.
The Oriental cockroach is found throughout Southeast Indiana and the Cincinnati area and has the potential to spread to other temperate regions.
The Brown-banded cockroach is primarily found in moist regions. This species is found in northern states such as Indiana and Ohio.
The German cockroach, which has worldwide distribution, is by far the most important and the most common cockroach. In addition to being a nuisance, it is associated with outbreaks of illness, allergic reactions in many people, and transmission of a variety of pathogenic organisms including at least one parasitic protozoan.
Spiders are a large class of arthropods widely distributed throughout the world.
Spiders are predacious, feeding on a wide variety of animals * mostly other arthropods. However, some species feed on larger animals. The most common problem with spiders is the general fear people have of them, and the "bad press" of some species such as black widows and brown recluses.
The 200 species of Clubionids found in N America are commonly referred to as the two*clawed hunting spiders. Members of the genus Cheiracanthium are called sac spiders. Cheiracanthium mildei L. Koch*and C. inclusum Hentz*are the two spiders referred to as yellow sac spiders, or yellow or tan house spiders, depending on locale.
They have been associated with numerous cases of human arachnidism spider bites). These spiders are suspected of being responsible for most indoor arachnidism; in the United States, however, neither severe trauma nor deaths have been reported. Their venom is cytotoxic, mainly affecting tissues at the site of the bite.
The American dog tick attacks man and domestic animals. It is an important vector of several disease organisms. This hard tick Ixodidae family*is usually found outside and transported into structures on dogs. Often called a “wood tick,” this tick should not be confused with the brown dog tick. Their habits differ – only the brown dog tick can lay eggs indoors.